Now that we have the speech sound grid and we are practicing our retrieval speeds for all cards and sound-to-letter conversion, our practice is sharpening up our processing speed for undertaking these separate tasks that then enable the child’s mind to be not gobbled up with laborsome thinking whilst they undertake a task that has a few step involved in it. This is what happens when we read a word and spell a word…all steps have to be mentally efficient and accurate for the mind to do its job accurately.
Now we will be learning phonological awareness skills or sound awareness skills which are essential and natural skills that are learned in a child mind as they mature towards PREP entry and become ready to learn to read, spell and write.So now that you know the speech sounds, it is now what we do with these speech sounds and how we process this information that becomes important on our trip forward to develop literacy. There are some specific skills we will be targeting that are prerequisite for literacy. These include:
- Breaking words into their syllables
- Blending phonemes (sounds) to make words
- Segmenting phonemes in words
- Manipulating phonemes in words-being able to know what sound is first, last and in the middle of the word. Being able to manipulate speech sound
Student’s benefit from metaphonic knowledge or knowledge about the parts that make up literacy so that they can better understand what they are undertaking. Metaphonic knowledge includes understanding the difference between a “word-syllable-sound”…knowing what is a consonant and what is a vowel. Understanding what makes up a syllable.
Phonological awareness and later after developed the mind matures-phonological processing skills-are essential for a skilled reader as it is these skills that enable a reader to be able to attack words that are new-novel-or foreign which can often be the case when students are learning subjects such as biology, chemistry, mathematics, anatomy, chemistry…where words start to be more like “non-words”.
However, don’t let me simplify reading and spelling down to this. Reading and spelling depend on an array of mental functions that integrate in the mind for effective reading and spelling. Phonetic reading of words is only one skill among many and also is only one set of components that can be in fault when a person demonstrates dyslexia (reading impairment) or dysgraphia (spelling and writing impairments). The type of dyslexia and dysgraphia depend on the part of the mind that is ineffective and this needs to be diagnosed by a team of professionals depending on the presenting symptoms. The team may include a Speech Pathologist, an Occupational Therapist, a Psychologist and a Behavioural Optometrist. Follow the teach me series …, how to fix speech, how to fix, reading, how to fix spelling, how to fox writing to learn more on your journey forward to success.
This A 4 poster is FREE in your CLUB YICKETTY YAK home pack so you can start using this with your child. This poster is also available in an A4 size in the Phonic All Star Pack and if you want to order this separately, it is available from the Once Upon a Time therapy clinic for $8.00 (A4 size) or $15 (for A3 table placemant size). This poster has the consonant upper-lowercase matching activity on the back.